Do your wrist bone sticking out?
The protruding wrist bone is not a typical disease that everyone experiences. This illness from the outside does not look prominent (looks usual), but in some conditions for example; when your palms are buckling downwards, the bones will poke up. And there is a little hollow beneath that protruding bone.
Maybe initially you do not feel any pain, but sometime perhaps your hand will start to feel pain and tired quickly.
Lumping the wrist is something that can be worrying, especially when it causes pain. The lump can indicate a variety of conditions, one of the most likely and common is a ganglion cyst.
What is the cause of this prominent wrist bone disease?
Ganglion cysts are the most common cause of wrist bone sticking out.
The ganglionic cyst is a lump or tumor at the top of the joint or tendon (connective tissue of muscle and bone). This ganglion lump cyst looks like a bag filled with clear fluid with a thick, sticky texture like jelly, also called synovial fluid.
The size of ganglion cysts varies, from as small as peas to the size of a golf ball. Small ganglion cysts usually amount to more than one, but they linked by the same tissue under the skin.
Causes and Risk Factors Ganglion cysts
Several factors may increase a person’s risk of developing a ganglion cyst:
- Female sex.
- Aged between 20 to 40 years.
- Someone who has a history of joint and tendon injury.
- Osteoarthritis disease in the joints of the hands adjacent to the fingernails.
Diagnosis of ganglion cyst
Diagnosis of ganglion cyst usually can be enforced only by physical examination only. On physical examination, your doctor may make gentle emphasis on the lump to look for any pain or discomfort. However, doctors may also perform follow-up examinations such as:
- Perform aspiration (fluid withdrawal) of the cyst using a needle, to then see the color, clarity, and viscosity of the liquid.
- Ultrasonography (USG), to see if the lump contains liquid or solid. With ultrasound, it can also examine whether there are blood vessels involved.
- If the size of the lump is too large or to involve the blood vessels, your doctor may refer you to the surgeon.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the best tool to diagnose a ganglion. However, the cost is too expensive and often not necessary for simple ganglion cyst conditions.
Treatment of ganglion cysts
Most ganglion cysts will not cause symptoms, so it does not require any surgery. But if the ganglion cyst in your body produces pain to interfere with the activity, then immediately consult a doctor.
Atheroma cyst is one form of a lump formed from sebaceous glands or sweat glands. And this lump shape is round, and the walls are thin. And atheroma cyst itself is formed due to a blockage in the estuary in sweat glands and is often referred to as sebaceous cysts or epidermal cysts. That’s why we think it one of the causes of wrist bone sticking out.
Signs and Symptoms of Atheroma Cysts
- Usually occurs in many parts of the body with high sweat glands in the face, head, and also on the back.
- The shape is round; the limit is firm, the walls are thin and can be moved, attached to the upper skin.
- It contains a thick liquid with a grayish white color, and sometimes also accompanied by a sour smell.
- If there is inflammation or inflammation, the cyst will usually be flushed and will cause pain.
Things to do to prevent atheroma cyst disease
- Should not squeeze, scratch, and also puncture the lump.
- Keep the cyst area clean, and always wash the bumps and also the surrounding area by using soap containing antibacterial in it.
- Apply a dyed rag to warm water for about 20-30 minutes. And do it this way 3-4 times a day.
- Should avoid excessive exposure to sunlight, and do not use skin care products that are free.
Rheumatoid arthritis is like a lump can be followed by a reddish stiffness.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a rheumatoid immune disorder that affects about 1% of the population or the same amount as approximately 45,000 people in Singapore. As a chronic swelling disorder, the disease affects the joints and occasionally on the skin, eyes, lungs, and other organs.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) causes joint stiffness, pain, and swelling and possibly other organ damage. The joints affected and the severity of joint inflammation or other organs vary by person.
Sometimes a person may not realize after a while that he has RA because the symptoms are subtle such as prolonged fatigue and mild stiffness in the joints.
RA affects all races, and 75% of patients are women. RA most commonly affects women aged 20 to 45 years. Although the actual cause of RA is unknown, it appears that some people are innately prone to RA.
It means that your children are more likely to suffer from RA if you also have RA, but the risk is still very low.
To accurately diagnose RA, the physician should evaluate the patient and usually also perform blood and X-ray examinations. Diagnosing RA as early as possible is very important because research has shown that timely treatment increases the likelihood of effective therapy in patients so that joints and organs stay healthy and not permanently damaged. Referrals to rheumatologists (specialists treating patients with rheumatism) often help to confirm the presence of RA and its treatment.
After ensuring the presence of RA, the treating physician will determine the type of drug suitable for the patient based on his personal needs. Examples of drugs used to treat RA are NSAIDs (Diclofenac), prednisolone, hydroxychloroquine, methotrexate, and TNF – inhibitors such as etanercept and infliximab. The treating physician may also arrange for patients to meet with clinical nurses, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists if any.
RA primarily attacks the joints but can also affect another swelling of organs. References for evaluation should be considered as soon as possible if RA is suspected so that appropriate treatment can be provided to prevent permanent damage to the organs. Currently, there is no cure for RA, but rapid development of research has allowed people affected by RA to live normally.
Learn how to manage Rheumatoid Arthritis pain.
Tumors are the growth of abnormal body cells. Cells are the smallest units that make up the tissues of the human body. Each cell contains a gene that serves to determine the growth, development, or improvement that occurs in the body.
Causes and Tumor Risk Factors
Until now, the cause of tumor growth is still not known with certainty. Benign and malignant tumors have similar causes and risk factors, including:
- Drugs that suppress the immune system
- Dietary habit
- Consumption of alcohol
- Physical activity (Making love)
- Being overweight or obese
- Environmental risk factors
- Genetic or hereditary
Tumors can cause various symptoms. Some of the symptoms and clinical signs can be:
- Often feel unwell.
- Feeling very tired.
- Fever and chills.
- No appetite.
- Weight loss for no apparent reason.
- Sweating at night.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Tumors
In addition to asking for a history of illness, symptoms, and checking physical condition, the doctor will include several types of checks to confirm the patient’s diagnosis. These examinations include:
- Complete blood test and evaluation of organ function.
- CT, MRI or PET scan. This step serves to confirm the location and extent of tumor spread.
- Chest x-rays.
- Biopsy or tumor sampling. This examination is used to confirm whether or not the malignant tumor is absorbed.
Fatty Tumor Removed from Arm
Lipoma is a fat lump that grows slowly between the muscle layer and the skin. Lipoma can shift or move if pressed with the finger slowly and feels soft. When pressed, lipoma usually does not cause pain. Middle-aged people more often experience this condition.
Lipoma does not require acute treatment because it is usually harmless and not cancerous. However, surgical removal of lipoma can be done if the lipoma suffered grows and began to cause pain. Some patients have more than one lipoma.
Symptoms of Lipoma
Lipomas can appear in any part of the body, but most appear in the back area, neck, thighs, shoulders, or abdomen. Here are some signs or symptoms of the appearance of lipoma:
- Lipomas usually have a diameter of 1-3 cm. Lipomas can grow and become more substantial, but not more than 5 cm in diameter.
- If pressed using a finger, the lipoma will move quickly and feels soft as rubber.
- If the lipoma grows larger and compresses the surrounding nerves or contains more blood vessels, the lipoma will hurt.
- The lipoma size will not change, and its growth is prolonged if it persists for several years.
Causes of Lipoma
The exact lipoma cause is still unknown, but many several factors can increase a person’s risk of developing lipoma, namely:
- Genetics or heredity.
- Age. Although lipomas can affect people at any age, doesn’t matter how old are you. But, this condition is more common in people that in aged between 40-60 years and rarely afflicts children.
- Suffer a particular condition, for example suffering from Cowden syndrome, Gardner’s syndrome, or adiposis dolorosa.
Lipomas often do not require special treatment. However, some handling steps can be done if the lipomas cause discomfort, pain or disruption, and continue to grow.
You can do liposuction to get rid of fat clots in the lipoma. Another treatment option is to inject steroids to shrink the lipoma. But this way usually cannot eliminate lipoma in total.
The last and most widely performed way is through surgical removal of the lipoma. Usually, lipomas will not grow back after lifting but can cause side effects such as bruises and scars.
A Lipoma Removal in a Nervous Patient
5. Orthopedic Trauma
One of caused wrist bone sticking out is orthopedic trauma.
Orthopedic trauma is a general term that describes all types of injuries that affect bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments in every part of the body caused by trauma. The term is inclusive and may pertain to bone fractures or severe fractures that directly affect the patient’s life. It counts as a subspecialty of orthopedic surgery and focused on the treatment of bone fractures as well as ensuring that injured body parts regain original strength and maximal functionality before the injury.
Causes Orthopedic Trauma
- Most types of orthopedic trauma classified according to the affected part of the body.
- Top extremity injuries, including fractures or wrists, collarbones, or ribs
- Lower extremity injuries, including broken ankles, pelvis, or legs.
- Soft tissue injury, which affects the muscles, tendons, and ligaments.
The most common causes of traumatic injury are:
- Fall down
- A sprained ankle
- Accidents while exercising
- Coughing heavily
- Blows to certain parts of the body
Main Symptoms of Orthopedic Trauma
Trauma to the bone and soft tissues under orthopedic treatment accompanied by several possible symptoms, it depends on which part of the body that is affected. The most common symptoms of the limbs, including:
- Bleeding, but only if the bone damages the skin
- Big bruises
- Inability to move certain parts without feeling pain
- Bone sticking out at an unnatural angle
- Bones sticking out of the surface
- Tingling sensation if some nerve injury
- Failure to rotate or lift the injured part
- Inability to place weights (for foot injuries)
- Severe pain when inhaling (for broken ribs)
- Shortness of breath
- A clashing, cracking or snapping sound that heard at the time of a crash or accident.
Who to See
Orthopedic trauma treated according to its severity. Those who suffer minor injuries such as bone fractures can easily be handled by general orthopedics, although in some cases specialist bone fractures are also needed. However, some trauma such as large fractures and bone fractures in sensitive locations, such as near joints or pelvic influences, usually require trauma specialists.