Syndrome Carpal tunnel is a nerve disease wedged in the wrist, which contains with a sense of tingling or numbness. The presence of the median nerve that is running through the carpal tunnel will make the wrists and the surrounding painful.
The median nerve itself has a significant role in controlling the movement of the fingers and thumb except for the little finger. Usually, people who experience the disease with the abbreviation CTS is a note or recorder, cashier guard, butcher, and janitor. This thing means that people who have several jobs with some of their activities using hands will be more at risk of carpal tunnel syndrome.
Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Usually, people do not realize they are suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome because the symptoms do not show any severe signs. The most common symptoms include:
- The hands become stiff
- Appears pain around the sides and wrists
- Often experience numbness in the hands
- The intensity of feeling the tingling is greate
- The hands are weak and can not hold anything
- Hand’s inability to pinch
- Decreased hand strength and difficult to grasp
- Have atrophy, where the thumb becomes smaller and weaker
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome more often felt at night, especially at bedtime. Therefore the patient is usually challenging to enjoy his sleep. Typically the hand will be more difficult to grasp objects, and the pain more often felt on the sides and arms. Also, this symptom is not handled in the little finger, because it is the median nerve that controls the visual sense of the hand only in the palms of the hands, thumb, middle finger, index finger, and half ring finger.
If the symptoms are not addressed immediately and allowed to drag on, then the condition will become more severe. Even in harsh conditions, just holding a comb or brushing your teeth will be very painful. Therefore, if you ever experience any of the above symptoms, immediately consult a doctor before it’s too late.
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What is causes Syndrome Carpal tunnel?
Syndrome Carpal tunnel is caused by a squeezing of the median nerve or squeezed by muscles and the other. Although the exact causes aren’t yet known, the following factors may serve as the reason for the emergence of the disease.
- Genetic or genetic factors of parents who have a history of carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Never have any injuries on hand, wrist or arm.
- Pregnant women are more at risk of carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Doing heavy work or involving hands too often like writing or typing without pause.
5.The presence of other diseases that cause complications, such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
To find out if a person has carpal tunnel syndrome, the doctor will perform a physical examination of the hands and wrist (called Tinel test), questions about work and daily activities. In addition to the physical examination, several medical inspections are also required to ensure carpal tunnel syndromes, such as blood tests, electromyography, neural conduction studies, and X-ray imaging.
To reduce symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome in order not to get worse, we can wag our hands slowly. Drain or soak the hands that feel pain with hot water, so that the side becomes relaxed. But it is not a treat, so you should still see a doctor get the right treatment.
How To Treat Syndrome Carpal Tunnel
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome that appear and continue to be left will result in permanent damage and will be difficult to cure, even have to take the path of surgery or surgical decompression. Permanent nerve damage will cause the gripping power to decrease. Also, the muscles of the hands and fingers are small.
But in a very light scale sometimes carpal tunnel syndrome can heal by itself so that no special handling is required. Even in pregnant women, carpal tunnel syndrome can heal itself at three months postpartum. If symptoms are still in the mild to moderate category, treatment can do with conservative therapy methods such as the following.
1). Doing Care at Home
No special treatment, but it endeavored that the hands not burdened with much activity. Avoid doing a lot of work using hands, at least until the disease healed. If forced to do so, apply a hand bandage for injury to the median nerve not to get worse. Occasional yoga to smooth blood circulation and stretch the muscles and joints can also help reduce pain and numbness in the hands.
2). Doing Physical Therapy Recommended Doctors
With the help and direction of your doctor, you can do your physical therapy at home. The essence of this physical therapy is how to stretch the hand muscles and exercises according to the range of motion of the joints so that it will give leeway for the median nerve.
3). Using Prescription Drugs
In addition to physical therapy, the use of pain medication also can do. Ask your doctor for advice on safe medications taken with the smallest possible side effects. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs may be an option, or they may use corticosteroids either in gel or injections into the carpal tunnel. The important thing is to discuss with the doctor what medicine is suitable and safe for you.
Conservative measures for the light to the moderate category are quite efficient with a success rate of 93%. If traditional therapy is unsuccessful, or no changes felt after six weeks of treatment, the only route is surgery. In addition to the operation performed if there are any of the following signs of your illness:
- Pain and pain lasts for longer or longer than ten months
Old age exceeds 50 years
- Symptoms still appear frequently despite conservative therapy
- Pain and pain that is felt at all times even almost no pause or stay
- Hand muscles become small
- There is a discriminatory disturbance at 2 points (> 6 mm) and a positive Phalen sign of fewer than 30 seconds.
To prevent carpal tunnel syndrome from recurring or coming back, try to do the following steps:
- Change the habit or work position that can cause carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Although assisted by a hand bush, there is no harm in releasing it occasionally. Because the muscles of the hands, wrists, and arms also need to be trained to keep it functioning correctly.
- Avoid bending the hands and wrists, especially for long periods of time.
- Maintain proper body position and do not forget to rest. Spend a moment in between work time so that the muscles of the hands and arms can do a little relaxation.
That’s the article about syndrome carpal tunnel , symptoms and ways of treatment. By knowing the signs early, the treatment action will be easier to do, and we can avoid permanent nerve damage.