Osgood-Schlatter Disease Knee.
Maybe you’ve never heard this disease before. But do you know that Osgood Schlatter disease knee commonly happens to all young adult? So what is this Osgood Schlatter disease knee?
OK. I won’t waste your time, so let’s dig dive into it and prevent this thing happen to your children or your brother/sister.
What is the Osgood Schlatter disease knee?
The Osgood-Schlatter disease also referred to as a tibial bone disease of the front tuberosity, is a condition that can cause pain around the knee joint. The pain usually felt on the part of the bone protruding beneath the kneecap (i.e., the bone supporting the quadriceps muscle of the thigh).
Symptoms usually shown begin to appear after exercise or after a trauma that caused by exercise. This disease does not cause permanent damage. Most patients can recover as before.
How common is an Osgood-Schlatter disease?
Osgood-Schlatter most often causes pain in the athlete’s knee or the person that exercising. Usually, affects teenage boys aged 11-18 years who are in the period of growth and strengthening of bones. Young women aged 8-16 years also have the same risk.
Signs & symptoms
What are the signs and symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease?
The most common symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter’s disease are pain and swelling in the lower thigh just above the knee. Symptoms can occur only on one leg or both. The pain will increase if the knees are forced to move or bone around the knee joints friction.
Besides, there are also some traits and symptoms that not mentioned above. If you have the same complaint, please consult your doctor.
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When should I see a doctor?
You have to contact your doctor if you or your child can’t perform daily activities because of the pain in their knees. Besides, you also need to take your child to the doctor if their knees look swollen and reddish, followed by symptoms of fever, or difficulty to move the knee. It may mean that his illness is getting worse.
What causes Osgood-Schlatter disease?
This disease caused if athletes exercise activities that are too hard so that the muscle and bone system interrupt when both have not developed strong enough. These activities cause injury to the knee.
This disease caused by the use of quadriceps muscle (one of the thigh muscles) is excessive. The exercise movement makes the quadriceps muscle contract and pulls the tendon that attaches the kneecap to the tibia bone. The continuous pull will cause injury, and in some cases, the child’s bone will try to grow new bone in the injured part.
What increases my risk for Osgood-Schlatter disease?
Some of the risk factors below may affect your odds of Osgood-Schlatter:
- Age: an attacking disease usually occurs at the age of puberty. The puberty period depends on gender because men and women have different pubertal years. Thus, the disease is more common early in adolescent girls aged 11-12 years whereas in teens men usually at the age of 13-14 years.
- Gender: This disease occurs in teens boys. But for toddlers and active sports people, the two genders are equally likely.
- Exercise: These conditions occur in sports movements such as running, jumping, and movement changes suddenly.
Diagnosis of Osgood-Schlatter Disease knee
During the process for a physical exam, the doctor will examine the knee whether it is painful, swollen and flushed. This examination involves suppressing the tibia tubercle. Also, your doctor may ask your child to walk, run, jump, or kneel to see the painful movement.
X-rays may be performed to look at the knee and leg bones for examination of the knee shell attachment area with the shin and to exclude other possible causes of knee pain. Such tests can usually provide a sufficient picture for doctors to make a diagnosis of Osgood-Schlatter disease.
Medication & Treatment for Osgood Schlatter Disease knee
The provided information is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.
What are my treatment options for Osgood-Schlatter disease?
This disease usually will disappear by itself as the patient ages. There are some methods will help reduce complaints in children, including:
- Rest: most children will feel better after relaxing for a while. However, it is not recommended to exercise until at least a few weeks.
- Compressing with ice on the affected part 2-4 times a day, also after exercise to reduce the pain.
- Protect the kneecap using a protective rubber.
- Lift the legs that got sick.
- Doctors will encourage muscle therapy for toddlers to learn to stretch the muscles and add muscle strength, reduce the duration of pain, and improve knee defense and flexibility. This activity also can prevent the occurrence of relapse in the future.
- Doctors can prescribe painkillers and other inflammatory barriers. However, for severe cases, surgery will be necessary but very rare.
What are the usual tests for Osgood-Schlatter disease?
Usually, the doctor will only perform a physical examination on the sore area to determine if the patient has Osgood-Schlatter. Also, the doctor may also perform an x-ray examination to describe other conditions.
Treatment at home
What are the lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to overcome Osgood-Schlatter disease?
Here are the forms of healthy lifestyle and home care that can help you face Osgood-Schlatter:
- Help your child lose weight when recommended by a doctor.
- Avoid doing activities that move too much knee or leg for 15-30 minutes after and before surgery.
- The injured part should be treated and rested on demand by the doctor.
- Give your child medicines as prescribed. Also, do the physical activities instructed by the physiotherapist.
If you have any questions, consult your doctor for the best solution to your problem.